Peru Health & Air Quality

Land use classification imagery using 2020 Landsat 8 OLI data, blended with a false color band combination (6,5,4), with the highway system overlayed in dark blue. Pictured is the Madre de Dios region of Peru, centered around the La Pampa illegal mining site. The light green indicates areas of gold mining, areas in pink represent wetlands, and areas in yellow represent forest cover. Tracking land use change allows agencies to understand where deforestation is occurring.

Keywords: Nelson Huffaker, Oliver Nguyen, Elizabeth Stapleton, Ariel Calle, Nataly Chacon

Land Use Change in the Rapidly Developing Peruvian Amazon and Implications on Zoonotic Disease Incidence

In the Madre de Dios region of the Peruvian Amazon, forests are being cleared for mining, timber harvesting, road construction, and hydroelectric dam development. These rapid land use changes are increasing human presence in previously sparsely-populated areas, disrupting ecosystems and increasing the proximity of human settlement to zoonotic disease vectors. Dengue fever and leishmaniasis are two neglected tropical diseases which are prevalent in Madre de Dios and have been associated with urbanization and road construction. In partnership with the Peruvian Ministries of Health (MINSA) and the Environment (MINAM) and other in-country collaborators, we examined Land Use Land Cover (LULC) correlations with reported dengue and leishmaniasis incidence in the Madre de Dios region to help partners understand the spatial relationship between land use change and zoonotic disease incidence. We created a LULC classification script using Google Earth Engine (GEE) with Landsat 5 Thematic Mapper (TM) and Landsat 8 Operational Land Imager (OLI) imagery to classify land cover in 2010, 2015, and 2020 and evaluate changes over this period. We then used the quantified results of the LULC assessment along with reported disease cases to evaluate correlations between disease incidence and key land cover changes across Madre de Dios’ 11 districts. In the second term, the team will use these products to develop more detailed disease incidence risk maps and models. High risk areas will then be classified, using PeruSat-1 for higher resolution mapping at less than 3 meters. These products will allow the partners to understand hotspots of land cover change in Peru and the relationship with outbreaks to inform public health decision making and environmental policy.

Georgia - Athens
Summer 2021
Ministry of Health (Peru)
Ministry of the Environment (Peru)
Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lab for EcoHealth and Urban Ecology
Asociación para la Conservación de la Cuenca Amazónica
Peruvian Service for Natural Protected Areas, Ministry of Environment (Peru)
Instituto del Bien Común
The National Commission for Aerospace Research and Development (Peru)
NASA Earth Observations
Landsat 5 TM
Landsat 8 OLI
Elizabeth Stapleton (Project Lead)
Ariel Calle
Nataly Chacon
Nelson Huffaker
Oliver Nguyen
Dr. Marguerite Madden (University of Georgia, Center for Geospatial Research)
Dr. Xiao Feng (Florida State University, Department of Geography)
Dr. Sergio Bernardes (University of Georgia, Center for Geospatial Research)