Bhutan Water Resources III

Analyzing Forest Disturbances and Climate Data in Bhutan to Create a Tool for Assisting the Himalayan Environment Rhythm Observation and Evaluation System (HEROES) Project

Forest disturbances from bark beetle outbreaks are a major concern in Bhutan, known to cause extensive tree mortality to pine and spruce forests. The NASA DEVELOP team partnered with the Ugyen Wangchuck Institute of Conservation and Environmental Research (UWICER), the Bhutan Foundation, and the Karuna Foundation to assess forest changes for the districts of Bumthang and Haa from 2000 to 2018. The project used preprocessed meteorological data from the Climate Hazards Center Infrared Precipitation with Station (CHIRPS) and Famine Early Warning System Network Land Data Assimilation System (FLDAS), along with Landsat 5 Thematic Mapper (TM), Landsat 7 Enhanced Thematic Mapper plus (ETM+), and Landsat 8 Operational Land Imager (OLI) to assess apparent forest disturbance occurrences and observed climate trends. Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) was used to resolve variations in elevation and slope for mountainous regions. Using the Google Earth Engine LandTrendr (LT) code algorithm, along with Landsat data, the team developed an app called Forest Disturbances Detection Toolbox (FDDT) to assess forest changes in Bhutan. The app includes climate variables for the focus districts, along with LT variables, which allows the end users to further examine the cause of disturbances. The team compared geocoordinates for known disturbances with LT disturbance detection products. Although additional work is needed in the future to validate the project end products from the FDDT, the tool will be provided to the project partners to aid forest management efforts in Bhutan.

Alabama - Marshall
Summer 2021
Ugyen Wangchuck Institute for Conservation and Environmental Research (Bhutan)
Karuna Foundation
Bhutan Foundation
NASA Earth Observations
Landsat 5 TM
Landsat 7 ETM+
Landsat 8 OLI
Tashi Choden (Project Lead)
Kinley Dorji
Yeshey Seldon
Sherab Dolma
Timothy Mayer (NASA SERVIR Science Coordination Office)
Caily Schwartz (NASA SERVIR Science Coordination Office)
Sean McCartney (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Science Systems & Applications, Inc.)
Joseph Spruce (Consultant to Science Systems & Applications, Inc., Diamondhead, MS)
Dr. Kenton Ross (NASA Langley Research Center)
Robert Griffin (The University of Alabama Huntsville)
Jeffrey Luvall (NASA Marshall Space Flight Center)