Washington Health & Air Quality

Imagery from Sentinel-5P Offline Nitrogen Dioxide dataset over the Puget Sound in Washington State. Data for hillshade sourced from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission. Aerosol layer has been classified according to the EPA's Air Quality system, with green indicating healthy conditions, to maroon, which indicates hazardous air quality. A poor air quality event is displayed from August 14, 2018, when an inversion was compounded with wildfire particulate coming from British Columbia and western Washington.

Keywords: Public health, MODIS, MAIAC, Sentinel-5P TROPOMI, Google Earth Engine, CALIPSO CALIOP

Quantifying Air Quality Parameters and Validating Air Pollution Sources Impacting the Health of Puget Sound Residents Through the Use of NASA and ESA Remote Sensing Data

In the Puget Sound region of Washington, high levels of air pollutants put residents’ health at risk by increasing their likelihood of developing critical respiratory conditions. This project used remotely-sensed data to investigate aerosol optical depth (AOD) from NASA satellite sensors including the Terra and Aqua MODerate resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) and European Space Agency Copernicus Sentinel-5 Precursor TROPOspheric Monitoring Instrument (TROPOMI). The team visualized the most recent data in Google Earth Engine (GEE) API to display air pollution trends from Northern California to British Columbia, which will support the Puget Sound Clean Air Agency’s (PSCAA) decision-making processes. The team performed linear regressions using the Multi-Angle Implementation of Atmospheric Correction (MAIAC) algorithm to form a relationship between ground-level microscopic particles (PM2.5) and AOD in the Puget Sound region, validating the relationship using concentration readings taken from Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) air quality monitors. The team utilized estimated PM2.5 and other satellite data to produce a web-based tool and to evaluate the effectiveness of using such a tool for near real-time air quality monitoring within a particular region. The team found that the tool provides useful supplementary data that fills in the gaps of the PSCAA’s air monitoring network.

Alabama - Marshall
Spring 2020
Puget Sound Clean Air Agency
NASA Earth Observations
Sentinel-5 TROPOMI
Amiya Kalra (Project Lead)
Rachel Deininger
Rachel Earwood
Richard Murray
Dr. Jeffrey Luvall (NASA Marshall Space Flight Center)
Dr. Robert Griffin (The University of Alabama in Huntsville)
Dr. Mike Newchurch (The University of Alabama in Huntsville)
Dr. Mohammad Al-Hamdan (NASA Marshall Space Flight Center)
Helen Baldwin (NASA SERVIR Science Coordination Office)
Madison Murphy (Optimal GEO)
Christine Evans (The University of Alabama in Huntsville)